POLICY BRIEF: Adjacency: How legal precedent, ecological connectivity, and Traditional Knowledge inform our understanding of proximity

This policy brief is part of the Nereus Scientific & Technical Briefs on Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ) series. This brief was prepared for the Third Preparatory Committee Meeting on Marine Biological Diversity in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ) from March 27 to April 7 in New York.

The series includes policy briefs on 1) Area-based management tools, 2) Climate change in oceans beyond national jurisdictions, 3) Open data, 4) Tech transfer, 5) AIS data as a tool to monitor ABMTs and identify governance gaps in ABNJ fisheries, and 6) Impacts of fisheries on open-ocean ecosystems.

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These briefs were organised by Daniel Dunn, Nereus Program Senior Fellow & research scientist in the Duke University Marine Geospatial Ecology Lab. Please contact daniel.dunn at for any further inquiries. The workshop and coordination of the briefs was supported by the Nippon Foundation-Nereus Program. All briefs are the product of the specified authors, not the organiser or Nereus. We thank them for their incredible generosity with their time and effort to inform this important process.